Stock Liquidity and Corporate Social Responsibility

53 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2018 Last revised: 4 May 2019

See all articles by Xin Chang

Xin Chang

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University

Weiqiang Tan

Education University of Hong Kong; The Education University of Hong Kong

Endong Yang

Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau

Wenrui Zhang

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Department of Finance

Date Written: April 2019

Abstract

We show that stock liquidity negatively affects firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) ratings. To identify the causal effect, we use the decimalization of stock trading as an exogenous shock to liquidity. The negative CSR effect of liquidity is more pronounced for firms where short-term institutional ownership is higher, CEOs’ wealth is more sensitive to firm value, CEOs approach the retirement age, analyst coverage is higher, or there are more covenants on firms’ bank debt. These findings suggest that high stock liquidity increases short-termism pressure and discourages firms from engaging in CSR activities, which are long-term in nature. Overall, our analysis reveals the potential disincentives created by stock liquidity in aligning the interest of shareholders and other stakeholders.

Keywords: Stock Liquidity, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Investor Horizon, Short-Termism

JEL Classification: G12, G14, G32, M14

Suggested Citation

Chang, Xin and Tan, Weiqiang and Tan, Weiqiang and Yang, Endong and Zhang, Wenrui, Stock Liquidity and Corporate Social Responsibility (April 2019). 31st Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3130572 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3130572

Xin Chang

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University ( email )

Singapore, 639798
Singapore

HOME PAGE: https://personal.ntu.edu.sg/changxin/

Weiqiang Tan

The Education University of Hong Kong ( email )

Tai Po
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Education University of Hong Kong ( email )

Dept of Social Sciences
Education University of Hong Kong
Tai Po, NT 11111
Hong Kong

Endong Yang (Contact Author)

Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau ( email )

Macau

Wenrui Zhang

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Department of Finance ( email )

Shatin, N.T.
Hong Kong

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