TRADING IN A BLACK BOX: ZERO INTELLIGENCE & LACK OF KNOWLEDGE

29 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2018 Last revised: 26 May 2020

See all articles by Barbara Ikica

Barbara Ikica

University of Zurich

Simon Jantschgi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Heinrich H. Nax

ETH Zürich; University of Zurich

Diego Nunez Duran

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS)

Bary Pradelski

CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes

Date Written: February 27, 2018

Abstract

We conducted a large number of continuous double auction experiments under private information and in other treatments where even less information is available. Our experiments are designed to investigate convergence to competitive equilibrium, in particular to go beyond rejection by counterexample of the ‘does not converge to competitive equilibrium’ to a direct test of the alternative. Despite decent statistical power (due to a large number of experimental markets), we cannot reject the ‘does converge' hypothesis. Subsequently, we investigate the role of feedback and order book access on trading behavior. On aggregate, we find that restricting access to order-book information slows convergence down and increases volatility. Nevertheless, the typical convergence patterns -- initial pricing below competitive equilibrium followed by equilibration through increasing prices -- are found to be robust even when no order book access is granted at all. In terms of individual trading behavior, we identify the empirical ingredients that organize the observed initial asymmetries and ensuing equilibration phenomena. The resulting model of behaviorally validated trading behavior is a variant of a `zero intelligence' trading model with dynamically adjusting constraints that depend on price realizations and own prior bid/ask behavior.

Keywords: Black Box, competitive equilibrium, double auction, experiments, feedback, zero intelligence

Suggested Citation

Ikica, Barbara and Jantschgi, Simon and Nax, Heinrich H. and Nunez Duran, Diego and Pradelski, Bary, TRADING IN A BLACK BOX: ZERO INTELLIGENCE & LACK OF KNOWLEDGE (February 27, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3131004 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3131004

Barbara Ikica

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

Simon Jantschgi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Heinrich H. Nax

ETH Zürich ( email )

Rämistrasse 101
ZUE F7
Zürich, 8092
Switzerland

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

Diego Nunez Duran

ETH Zürich - Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences (GESS) ( email )

Haldeneggsteig 4
Zurich, Zurich 8006
Switzerland

Bary Pradelski (Contact Author)

CNRS, Université Grenoble Alpes ( email )

Grenoble
France

HOME PAGE: http://cnrs.fr

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