Backlash Against International Courts: Explaining the Forms and Patterns of Resistance to International Courts

iCourts Working Paper Series, No. 118

Forthcoming (2018) International Journal of Law in Context 14(2)

41 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2018

See all articles by Mikael Madsen

Mikael Madsen

University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts; University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law

Pola Cebulak

University of Amsterdam ; University of Copenhagen - Centre of Excellence for International Courts (iCourts)

Micha Wiebusch

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management; United Nations - UNU-CRIS; University of London - School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)

Date Written: February 28, 2018

Abstract

The article investigates and theorises different forms and patterns of resistance to international courts and develops an analytical framework for explaining their variability. In order to make intelligible the resistance that many international courts are currently facing, the article first unpacks the concept of resistance. It then introduces a key distinction between mere pushback from individual member states or other actors, seeking to influence the future direction of a court’s case law, and actual backlash – a critique triggering significant institutional reform or even the dismantling of tribunals. On the basis on the proposed theoretical framework, the article provides a roadmap for empirical studies of resistance to ICs, considering the key contextual factors necessary to take into account in such studies.

Keywords: International Courts, international tribunals, institutional reform, legal authority, resistance, empirical studies.

Suggested Citation

Madsen, Mikael and Cebulak, Pola and Wiebusch, Micha, Backlash Against International Courts: Explaining the Forms and Patterns of Resistance to International Courts (February 28, 2018). Forthcoming (2018) International Journal of Law in Context 14(2). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3131641 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3131641

Mikael Madsen (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts ( email )

University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law ( email )

Studiestraede 6
Studiestrade 6
Copenhagen, DK-1455
Denmark

Pola Cebulak

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Spuistraat 210, room 125
Amsterdam, 1012VT
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.uva.nl/en/profile/c/e/p.p.cebulak/p.p.cebulak.html

University of Copenhagen - Centre of Excellence for International Courts (iCourts) ( email )

Studiestraede 6
Studiestrade 6
Copenhagen, DK-1455
Denmark

Micha Wiebusch

University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management ( email )

City campus building S
Lange Sint Annastraat 7
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium

United Nations - UNU-CRIS ( email )

Potterierei 72
Brugge, 8000
Belgium

University of London - School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) ( email )

Thornhaugh Street
Russell Square: College Buildings 541
London, WC1H 0XG
United Kingdom

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