Religion and the European Union
Pompeu Fabra University, Economics and Business Working Paper Series, 1601. Published in S. Iyer, J. Rubin and J.-P. Carvalho, eds. (2019), Advances in the Economics of Religion, pp. 295-308, IEA Series, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, Switzerland.
14 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2018 Last revised: 14 Aug 2019
Date Written: March 5, 2018
We review a recent literature on cultural differences across euro member states. We point out that this literature fails to address cultural differences between Protestants and Catholics, which are likely a major underlying reason for cross-country differences. We argue that confessional culture explains why Catholic countries tend to have weaker institutions but are more open to economic and political integration. EU policies after the economic crisis looked clumsy and failed to address all concerns, but were viable, caused only a manageable amount of serious backlash and tied in well with Europe’s cultural diversity, also providing scope for learning and adaption.
Keywords: religion, values, culture, European Union
JEL Classification: Z12, F15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation