On the Direct and Indirect Real Effects of Credit Supply Shocks

53 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2018

See all articles by Laura Alfaro

Laura Alfaro

Harvard University

Manuel García-Santana

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Enrique Moral-Benito

Banco de España; Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2, 2018


We consider the real effects of bank lending shocks and how they permeate the economy through buyer-supplier linkages. We combine administrative data on all firms in Spain with a matched bank-firm-loan dataset incorporating information on the universe of corporate loans for 2003-2013. Using methods from the matched employer-employee literature for handling large data sets, we identify bank-specific shocks for each year in our sample. Combining the Spanish Input-Output structure and firm-specific measures of upstream and downstream exposure, we construct firm-specific exogenous credit supply shocks and estimate their direct and indirect effects on real activity. Credit supply shocks have sizable direct and downstream propagation effects on investment and output throughout the period but no significant impact on employment during the expansion period. Downstream propagation effects are comparable or even larger in magnitude than direct effects. The results corroborate the importance of network effects in quantifying the real effects of credit shocks and show that real effects vary during booms and busts.

Keywords: bank-lending channel, employment, investment, output, matched employeremployee, input-output linkages

JEL Classification: E44, G21, L25

Suggested Citation

Alfaro, Laura and García-Santana, Manuel and Moral-Benito, Enrique, On the Direct and Indirect Real Effects of Credit Supply Shocks (March 2, 2018). Banco de Espana Working Paper No. 1809. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3132984 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3132984

Laura Alfaro (Contact Author)

Harvard University ( email )

Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Manuel García-Santana

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE) ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

United Kingdom

Enrique Moral-Benito

Banco de España ( email )

Alcala 50
Madrid 28014

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid ( email )

CL. de Madrid 126
Madrid, Madrid 28903

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