Admission Criteria and Immigrant Earnings Profiles
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW, Vol. 30, Summer 1996
Posted: 19 May 1998
There has been an ongoing concern about the productivity of kinship-based immigrants in the U.S. labor market. Despite the policy importance of this issue, little empirical or theoretical attention has been devoted to learning the effect of different admission criteria on immigrants' economic performance. To estimate the effect of admission criteria on immigrant earnings profiles we use 1980 census data on individuals matched to Immigration and Naturalization Service information on admission criteria for country-of-origin/year-of-entry immigrant cohorts. We find that non-occupation-based immigration, most of which is family-based, is associated with lower entry earnings but higher earnings growth than occupation-based immigration. The higher estimated earnings growth is sufficient for non-occupation based immigrants to catch up with occupationally admitted immigrants after 11 to 18 years in the United States.
JEL Classification: J61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation