Concentration in US Labor Markets: Evidence from Online Vacancy Data
37 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2018 Last revised: 7 Feb 2019
Date Written: August 10, 2018
Using data on the near-universe of online US job vacancies collected by Burning Glass Technologies in 2016, we calculate labor market concentration using the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) for each commuting zone by 6-digit SOC occupation. The average market has an HHI of 4,378, or the equivalent of 2.3 recruiting employers. 60% of labor markets are highly concentrated (above 2,500 HHI) according to the DOJ/FTC guidelines. Highly concentrated markets account for 20% of employment. For manufacturing industries, we show that labor market concentration is distinct from product market concentration, and is negatively correlated with wages in each industry's top occupation.
Keywords: Monopsony, Oligopsony, Labor Markets, Competition Policy
JEL Classification: J21, J23, J42, K21, L11
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