Capital Gains, Dividend Yields, and Expected Inflation
Posted: 15 Jul 2002
One explanation for the negative relationship between short-horizon stock returns and inflation is that inflation proxies (inversely) for expected future real output. In this paper, I examine the possibility that inflation also proxies for variation in real price/dividend ratios (excess returns). I show that when the covariance between real price/dividend ratios and inflation is nonzero, the relationship between returns and expected inflation differs for the two components of returns: dividend yields and capital gains returns. My empirical evidence demonstrates that dividend yields and capital gains are related differently to expected inflation in U.S. and foreign markets.
Keywords: Stock returns, inflation, monetary policy
JEL Classification: G12, E40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation