직업훈련이 청년취업률 제고에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Job Training Programs on Employability Among College Graduates)

34 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2018

See all articles by Chung Choe

Chung Choe

Hanyang University - Economics

Namju Kim

Bank of Korea - Economic Research Institute

Koangsung Choi

Hanyang University

Date Written: March 2, 2018

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 직업훈련이 방식에 따라 청년취업률 제고에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 분석하였다. 우리나라에서 실시되고 있는 청년층을 위한 직업훈련 프로그램은 실시주체에 따라 크게 4가지(공공/민간/대학/온라인)로 분류될 수 있으며 이에 따라 청년층의 취업결과에도 이질적인(heterogeneous) 효과가 발생할 것으로 예상된다. 따라서, 이를 분석하기 위해 2009년부터 2013년까지의 대졸자직업이동경로조사(Graduate Occupational Mobility Survey, GOMS) 자료를 이용하고 일반화된 성향점수매칭법(Generalized Propensity Score matching, GPS)을 적용하였다. 분석결과, 공공훈련기관과 대학에서 실시한 직업훈련의 경우 통계적으로 유의한 정( )의 효과, 즉 직업훈련 참여를 통한 평균취업률 상승효과가 나타났다. 따라서, 직업훈련을 통한 청년고용 개선효과는 직업훈련방식별로 차이가 존재하며, 공공훈련기관, 대학에서 실시하는 직업훈련 順으로 취업률 제고효과가 크다는 점을 확인할 수 있었다.

English Abstract: This paper examines the effects of various training programs on employment rate among college graduates. Training programs for youth in Korea are conducted by several providers, thus likely to generate heterogeneous effects. Using the Graduate Occupational Mobility Survey (2009-2013), we estimate job training effects on employability by applying Generalized Propensity Score Matching method. The results confirm heterogeneous treatment effects among training types? While no effects are found in training by private providers, there exist statistically significant effects in training by both public and college providers.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: Job training, Youth employment rate, Generalized Propensity Score Matching method (GPS), Multiple treatment effects

JEL Classification: C31, C34, J13, J64

Suggested Citation

Choe, Chung and Kim, Namju and Choi, Koangsung, 직업훈련이 청년취업률 제고에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Job Training Programs on Employability Among College Graduates) (March 2, 2018). Bank of Korea WP 2018-6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3134256 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3134256

Chung Choe (Contact Author)

Hanyang University - Economics ( email )

Seoul
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Namju Kim

Bank of Korea - Economic Research Institute ( email )

110, 3-Ga, Namdaemunno, Jung-Gu
Seoul 100-794
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
+82-2-759-5481 (Phone)

Koangsung Choi

Hanyang University ( email )

Seoul
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
+82-31-400-5651 (Phone)

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