What Makes a Good Human Smuggler? The Differences between Satisfaction with and Recommendation of Coyotes on the U.S.-Mexico Border

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Forthcoming

Posted: 9 Mar 2018

See all articles by Jeremy Slack

Jeremy Slack

University of Texas at El Paso

Daniel Martinez

University of Arizona - Department of Sociology

Date Written: February 21, 2018

Abstract

This article draws on a unique dataset of more than eleven hundred postdeportation surveys to examine migrants’ experiences with coyotes (human smugglers) along the U.S.-Mexico border. Our focus is on migrants’ satisfaction with the services provided by their most recent smuggler and whether they would be willing to put family or friends in contact with that person. We find a distinct difference between people’s expectations for their own migratory experience compared to what they would be willing to subject loved ones to. Expectations of comfort and safety are decidedly low for oneself; but for loved ones, a more expressive, qualitative assessment shapes their willingness to recommend a coyote: qualities such as trustworthiness, honesty, comportment, and treatment come to the fore. News coverage focusing on the deaths of smuggled migrants often portrays coyotes as nefarious and exploitative, but the migrant-smuggler relationship is much more complex than suggested by these media accounts. We provide empirical insight into the factors associated with successful, satisfactory, and safe relationships between migrants and their guides.

Suggested Citation

Slack, Jeremy and Martinez, Daniel, What Makes a Good Human Smuggler? The Differences between Satisfaction with and Recommendation of Coyotes on the U.S.-Mexico Border (February 21, 2018). The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3135427

Jeremy Slack

University of Texas at El Paso ( email )

500 W University Ave
El Paso, TX 79902
United States
9157476530 (Phone)

Daniel Martinez (Contact Author)

University of Arizona - Department of Sociology ( email )

United States

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