Does Maternity Leave Duration Affect Labor Force Participation and Productivity?

40 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2018 Last revised: 2 Dec 2019

See all articles by Erkmen Giray Aslim

Erkmen Giray Aslim

Texas A&M University - Private Enterprise Research Center

Irina Panovska

University of Texas at Dallas

M. Anıl Taş

Bilkent University

Date Written: November 29, 2019

Abstract

This study evaluates the effects of maternity leave duration on female and male labor force participation and on macroeconomic productivity in emerging countries. We build a comprehensive maternity leave data set for a panel of emerging countries at annual frequency that augments publicly available data on maternity leave with narrative evidence that identifies the exact dates when legislative changes to maternity leave policies were enacted and enforced. The higher data frequency allows us to study both the short-term and the intermediate-term effects of maternity leave duration. Maternity leave has positive but limited effects on female labor force participation, but it significantly increases male labor force participation. There is some evidence that increases in maternity leave duration decrease productivity in the short run, but there are no significant adverse effects at longer horizons. We also find evidence of substitutability between male and female workers. The results for emerging countries look substantially different when compared to the results for a panel of developed countries.

Keywords: labor force participation, female labor force participation, maternity leave

JEL Classification: J11, J08, J16, E24

Suggested Citation

Aslim, Erkmen Giray and Panovska, Irina and Taş, M. Anıl, Does Maternity Leave Duration Affect Labor Force Participation and Productivity? (November 29, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3136631 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3136631

Erkmen Giray Aslim (Contact Author)

Texas A&M University - Private Enterprise Research Center ( email )

College Station, TX
United States

Irina Panovska

University of Texas at Dallas ( email )

2601 North Floyd Road
Richardson, TX 75083
United States

M. Anıl Taş

Bilkent University ( email )

Bilkent, Ankara 06800
Turkey

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