Who Works for Whom and the UK Gender Pay Gap
British Journal of Industrial Relations, 58(1), 2020
44 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2018 Last revised: 24 Dec 2020
Date Written: April 1, 2019
This study reports novel facts about the UK gender pay gap. We use a representative, longitudinal and linked employer-employee dataset for 2002-16. Men’s average log hourly wage was 22 points higher than women’s in this period. We find 16% of this raw pay gap is accounted for by estimated firm-specific wage effects. This is almost three times the amount explained by gender occupation differences. When we decompose a preadjusted measure of the pay gap, we find less than 1 percentage point or a 6% share is accounted for by the gender allocation across high and low wage firms. In other words, only a small share of what is traditionally referred to as the ‘unexplained’ part of the pay gap is explained by the differences between men and women in whom they work for.
Keywords: gender wage gap, firm-specific wages, occupation premiums
JEL Classification: J16, J31, J70
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation