Early Gender Gaps Among University Graduates

46 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2018

See all articles by Marco Francesconi

Marco Francesconi

University of Essex; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Matthias Parey

University College London

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Abstract

We use data from six cohorts of university graduates in Germany to assess the extent of gender gaps in college and labor market performance twelve to eighteen months after graduation. Men and women enter college in roughly equal numbers, but more women than men complete their degrees. Women enter college with slightly better high school grades, but women leave university with slightly lower marks. Immediately following university completion, male and female full-timers work very similar number of hours per week, but men earn more than women across the pay distribution, with an unadjusted gender gap in full-time monthly earnings of about 20 log points on average. Including a large set of controls reduces the gap to 5-10 log points. The single most important proximate factor that explains the gap is field of study at university.

Keywords: gender wage gap, field of study, university graduates, Germany

JEL Classification: J16, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Francesconi, Marco and Parey, Matthias, Early Gender Gaps Among University Graduates. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11361, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3137492

Marco Francesconi (Contact Author)

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom
+44 1206 873 534 (Phone)
+44 1206 873 151 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Matthias Parey

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

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