Robust Recursive Filtering and Smoothing
45 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2018 Last revised: 31 May 2023
Date Written: May 29, 2023
Using a perturbation technique, we derive a new approximate filtering and smoothing methodology generalizing along different directions several existing approaches to robust filtering based on the score and the Hessian matrix of the observation density. The main advantages of the methodology can be summarized as follows: (i) it relaxes the critical assumption of a Gaussian prior distribution for the latent states underlying such approaches; (ii) can be applied to a general class of state-space models including univariate and multivariate location, scale and count data models; (iii) has a very simple structure based on forward-backward recursions similar to the Kalman filter and smoother; (iv) allows a straightforward computation of confidence bands around the state estimates reflecting the combination of parameter and filtering uncertainty. We show through an extensive Monte Carlo study that the mean square loss with respect to exact simulation-based methods is small in a wide range of scenarios. We finally illustrate empirically the application of the methodology to the estimation of stochastic volatility and correlations in financial time-series.
Keywords: Nonlinear filtering, Time-varying parameters, State-Space models, Stochastic volatility
JEL Classification: C22, C32, C58
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