Social Networks and Informal Financial Inclusion in the People's Republic of China
36 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2018
Date Written: January 29, 2018
Using the 2011 China Household Finance Survey (CHFS) database, we explore the heterogeneous impacts of social networks on informal financial inclusion for urban and rural households in the People’s Republic of China. We find that social networks significantly increase the probability of households’ participation in the informal financial market, augment the size of informal financial transactions, and raise the ratio of informal lending to total household assets. We also identify the mechanisms through which social networks affect households’ participation in the informal financial market. By reducing the information cost, perceived risk, and precautionary saving, social networks play a larger role for urban households than for rural households. Notably, the effects of social networks on informal finance are strengthened by the development of the formal financial market.
Keywords: social networks, informal financial inclusion, perceived risk, precautionary saving, formal financial market
JEL Classification: D1, G2
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