Regulation of Social Development through Active Policies
KNOWLEDGE – International Journal Vol. 20.1 Bansko, December, 2017
11 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2018
Date Written: December 15, 2017
The importance of social policy for the EU as a whole and for each member state individually, including Bulgaria, stems from the fact that social policy does not exist and develop independently and in isolation from other scopes of activity of the Union, but complements and unites all other EU policies. In this sense, it can be defined as a key policy for the overall development of the EU and the member states. Social problems already exist not only in the legislation field. We can point the Lisbon strategy as an example, which aims at economic, social and environmental renewal of the EU, as the economic development should not come at the expense of the social development, but the policy in terms of social development should contribute to economic development as well. In the early stages of development of the EU, social policy is seen as an extension and complement to the economic policy, as social and employment objectives are expected to be achieved automatically in the process of economic development. This leads, however, gradually to the realization that the economic integration is not an independent process, it has an important social aspect and it is more than necessary to combine the economic and social policy even to a greater extent. The enlargement of the EU and sharpening of social problems and unemployment in many member states bring the social policy and the idea that it is essential for the process of European integration to the fore. Economic and social policies complement each other and are aimed at building a society in which there is no isolation. It is hardly a coincidence that the motto of the EU, set forth in the new Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, is “United in diversity”, which emphasizes once again the importance of social policy for the development of European society. These are namely the reasons why we focus on social policy in its entirety and specifications. On the one hand, the development of this problem is directly related to the development of the processes in the EU and it is indicative of the degree of maturity of the Union and European society. On the other hand, the issues considered in the scientific work affect the interests of all of us. Social policy and employment are an area of great importance for Bulgaria. The complicated economic situation in the country during the transition period leads inevitably to severe social problems and tension. Along with solving the economic problems of the country, the solving of the social problems is of priority as well. A reason for this is the fact that only when there is social justice, security and peace for tomorrow in one society and the standard of living is high and stable, the public body functions properly and correctly. In this sense, one of the tasks is to show that in the process of EU accession Bulgaria managed to achieve the objectives of social policy and employment policy, which generally can be defined as: tackling social inequality and poverty, social exclusion and unemployment.
Keywords: Bulgaria, Social Programming, Stimulating Social Activity, Regulation of Social Development
JEL Classification: J10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation