Understanding the ICT Use Gender Gap in Latin America

21 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2018 Last revised: 20 Aug 2018

See all articles by Roxana Barrantes

Roxana Barrantes

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP; Pontifical Catholic University of Peru

Aileen Aguero Garcia

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP; International Development Research Centre (IDRC) - Diálogo Regional Sobre la Sociedad de la Información (DIRSI)

Paulo Matos

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP

Date Written: March 16, 2018

Abstract

Even though women represent more than 50% of the total Latin American population, they face a set of barriers that do not allow them to be in equal conditions with respect to their male peers. The ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) field is not an exception. The possibility to access and use the Internet is not evenly distributed between men and women (Gray, Gainous, & Wagner, 2016)and factors such as education, employment or discrimination could play a fundamental role in explaining gender differences in ICT use (Robinson et al., 2015). However, the existing literature about this topic is scarce, especially in Latin America; moreover, such an analysis becomes more challenging when attempting to include all the different dimensions that ICT use involve). In this sense, our research analyzes the factors that determine the gender ICT use gap, integrating the different dimensions that ICT use involve. The main results indicate that in Paraguay and Argentina factors like occupation, education or age play a more important role in explaining the ICT use gender gap. In contrast, unobserved factors do so in Peru and Guatemala.

Keywords: gender, ICT index, internet, mobile phones, gender gap decomposition

JEL Classification: O10, D63, J16

Suggested Citation

Barrantes, Roxana and Aguero Garcia, Aileen and Matos, Paulo, Understanding the ICT Use Gender Gap in Latin America (March 16, 2018). TPRC 46: The 46th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3142380

Roxana Barrantes

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP ( email )

Av Horacio Urteaga
Distrito de Lima, 15072
Peru

Pontifical Catholic University of Peru ( email )

1801 Universitaria Avenue
San Miguel
Lima, Lima Lima32
Peru

Aileen Aguero Garcia

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP ( email )

Av Horacio Urteaga
Distrito de Lima, 15072
Peru

International Development Research Centre (IDRC) - Diálogo Regional Sobre la Sociedad de la Información (DIRSI) ( email )

Lima
Peru

Paulo Matos (Contact Author)

Instituto de Estudios Peruanos - IEP ( email )

Av Horacio Urteaga
Distrito de Lima, 15072
Peru

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