Optimal Reinsurance with Multiple Reinsurers: Competitive Pricing and Coalition Stability
29 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2018
Date Written: January 8, 2018
We study economic pricing of reinsurance contracts via competition of an insurer with multiple reinsurers. All firms are endowed with distortion risk measures or expected exponential utilities. We require that contracts are Pareto optimal, individually rational, and satisfy a competition constraint that we call coalition stability. Indemnities are characterized by imposing Pareto optimality, as studied in the literature. In this paper, we characterize the corresponding premiums. There is a gain for the insurer due to the competition constraint. When the firms use distortion risk measures, this constraint yields stability for subcoalitions, which is a condition akin to the core in cooperative game theory. We show this gain for the insurer in closed form. Then, we derive that the premium is represented by a distortion premium function. If the firms use expected exponential utilities, the premium is represented by an exponential premium. We illustrate this premium function with the Mean Conditional Value-at-Risk.
Keywords: reinsurance, multiple reinsurers, competition, premiums, Mean Conditional Value-at-Risk
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