Some HCI Priorities for GDPR-Compliant Machine Learning
Paper presented at The General Data Protection Regulation: An Opportunity for the CHI Community? (CHI-GDPR 2018), Workshop at ACM CHI'18, 22 April 2018, Montreal, Canada
8 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2018 Last revised: 29 Mar 2018
Date Written: March 19, 2018
In this short paper, we consider the roles of HCI in enabling the better governance of consequential machine learning systems using the rights and obligations laid out in the recent 2016 EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) — a law which involves heavy interaction with people and systems. Focussing on those areas that relate to algorithmic systems in society, we propose roles for HCI in legal contexts in relation to fairness, bias and discrimination; data protection by design; data protection impact assessments; transparency and explanations; the mitigation and understanding of automation bias; and the communication of envisaged consequences of processing.
Keywords: GDPR, data protection, machine learning, artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, user interfaces, discrimination, anti-discrimination, algorithmic accountability
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