Benefits of Real-Time Pricing and Rooftop Solar PV Generation: Explorations Using Swedish Micro-Data

41 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2018

See all articles by Chandra Kiran Krishnamurthy

Chandra Kiran Krishnamurthy

CERE, Umeå

Mattias Vesterberg

Umeå University - Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics

Herman Böök

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute

Anders V. Lindfors

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute

Rauli Svento

University of Oulu - Department of Economics, Accounting and Finance

Date Written: March 6, 2018

Abstract

Previous empirical literature on residential dynamic pricing for the Nordic market has questioned whether households will in fact appropriately respond, in view of the low price variability and price responsiveness in the Swedish setting. Household demand response is an issue of some importance in view of increasingly smart grids in which high shares of renewable supply are being promoted partly in view of these possibilities. In addition, an important development in the Nordic market relates to increasing thrust on household PV panels. In view of the interaction between RTP-driven and PV generation-driven load changes, an analysis of the combined effects in relation to system timing is important to understand, not least because this can affect the nature of benefits to households and the electric grid. Using a unique and very detailed dataset on household electricity consumption, in combination with simulated solar panel micro-generation data, these aspects are explored in an empirical framework similar to that used in the prior literature. Our findings indicate that even with minimal price responsiveness, household response to dynamic pricing can lead to load changes with sizeable benefits. In addition, the introduction of PV panels, contrary to what may be assumed at a first glance, appear to be beneficial to the electric grid, largely due to the time pattern of winter PV generation. Overall, our empirical findings provide tentative evidence to indicate that RTP, by incentivizing households to provide demand response at appropriate times, can aid in integration of renewables.

Keywords: Real Time Electricity Pricing, Energy Demand, Renewable Energy, Intermittency

JEL Classification: D12, Q41, C10

Suggested Citation

Krishnamurthy, Chandra Kiran B and Vesterberg, Mattias and Böök, Herman and Lindfors, Anders V. and Svento, Rauli, Benefits of Real-Time Pricing and Rooftop Solar PV Generation: Explorations Using Swedish Micro-Data (March 6, 2018). CERE Working Paper, 2018:4, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3144215 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3144215

Chandra Kiran B Krishnamurthy (Contact Author)

CERE, Umeå ( email )

Almas Allé 10
Umeå, 750 07
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://cere.se/en.html

Mattias Vesterberg

Umeå University - Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics ( email )

Umeå, S-901 87
Sweden

Herman Böök

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute ( email )

P.O.Box 503
FIN-00101 Helsinki
Finland

Anders V. Lindfors

Government of the Republic of Finland - Finnish Meteorological Institute ( email )

P.O.Box 503
FIN-00101 Helsinki
Finland

Rauli Svento

University of Oulu - Department of Economics, Accounting and Finance ( email )

PO Box 4600
FIN-90014 University of Oulu
Finland

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