Towards More Effective and Transferable Transition Experiments – Learning Through Stratification

Sustainability Science 14 (6), 1503-1514

18 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2018 Last revised: 14 Feb 2020

See all articles by John-Oliver Engler

John-Oliver Engler

University of Vechta

Heike Zimmermann

Leuphana University of Lueneburg - Dept. of Sustainability Sciences

Daniel J. Lang

Leuphana University of Lueneburg - Dept. of Sustainability Sciences

Robert Feller

Leuphana University of Lueneburg

Henrik von Wehrden

Leuphana University of Lueneburg

Date Written: February 22, 2018

Abstract

We argue that the increasing use of experimental approaches in transition and transformational research on potential sustainability solutions could substantially profit from application of the principles of stratification and stratified experimental design. We illustrate our proposition with two worked examples of hypothetical transition experiments and argue that the use of stratification can produce three essential benefits in transition experiments: (1) increased methodological validity and better comparability of experimental results, (2) potential scalability of sustainability solutions tested and (3) better assessment of potential transferability of sustainability solutions to other systems. Moreover, stratification and stratified design of transition experiments might be employed to address some of the recently raised criticisms regarding reproducibility of results and the appropriate use of statistical methodology in scientific experimentation in general and transition experimentation in particular.

Keywords: stratification; experimental design; transition experiments; sustainability; statistical testing

Suggested Citation

Engler, John-Oliver and Zimmermann, Heike and Lang, Daniel J. and Feller, Robert and von Wehrden, Henrik, Towards More Effective and Transferable Transition Experiments – Learning Through Stratification (February 22, 2018). Sustainability Science 14 (6), 1503-1514, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3145112 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3145112

John-Oliver Engler (Contact Author)

University of Vechta ( email )

Heike Zimmermann

Leuphana University of Lueneburg - Dept. of Sustainability Sciences ( email )

Scharnhorststrasse 1
Lüneburg, 21314
Germany

Daniel J. Lang

Leuphana University of Lueneburg - Dept. of Sustainability Sciences ( email )

Scharnhorststrasse 1
Lüneburg, 21314
Germany

Robert Feller

Leuphana University of Lueneburg ( email )

Universitätsallee 1
Lüneburg, 21335
Germany

Henrik Von Wehrden

Leuphana University of Lueneburg ( email )

Scharnhorststraße 1
Lüneburg, 21335
Germany

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