Racial Profiling Under Attack

Posted: 5 Jun 2002

See all articles by Samuel R. Gross

Samuel R. Gross

University of Michigan Law School

Debra Livingston

Columbia Law School


The events of September 11, 2001, have sparked a fierce debate over racial profiling. Many who readily condemned the practice a year ago have had second thoughts. In the wake of September 11, the Department of Justice initiated a program of interviewing thousands of men who arrived in this country in the past two years from countries with an al Qaeda presence - a program that some attack as racial profiling, and others defend as proper law enforcement. In this Essay, Professors Gross and Livingston use that program as the focus of a discussion of the meaning of racial profiling, its use in a variety of contexts, and its relationship to other police practices that take race or ethnicity into account.

Suggested Citation

Gross, Samuel R. and Livingston, Debra, Racial Profiling Under Attack. Columbia Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 5, June 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=314727

Samuel R. Gross (Contact Author)

University of Michigan Law School ( email )

625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
734-764-1519 (Phone)
734-764-8309 (Fax)

Debra Livingston

Columbia Law School ( email )

435 West 116th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States
212-854-6076 (Phone)
212-854-7946 (Fax)

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