Sustainable Globalisation

U of Siena Dept. of Economics Working Paper No. 338

21 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2002

See all articles by Simone Borghesi

Simone Borghesi

University of Siena - Dept. Government, Law and Economics

Alessandro Vercelli

University of Siena - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 2001

Abstract

Though the recent process of globalisation of international markets succeeded in sustaining the economic growth of the countries that actively participated in this process, the available empirical evidence suggests that it was accompanied by a world-wide increase of environmental degradation and economic inequality. Therefore, there is a growing concern that these features of the globalisation process may jeopardise its social and environmental sustainability. Both environmental and social dimensions of sustainability played a central role in the definition of sustainable development as originally suggested by the Brundtland Commission. The ensuing literature, however, focused almost exclusively on the environmental aspects of sustainability. This paper intends to develop the original, more comprehensive, approach to sustainable development in order to get a deeper understanding of the role that globalisation played and could play in achieving social and environmental sustainability. In particular, it is here investigated how the process of globalisation may affect the relationship between per capita income on one side and inequality (Kuznets curve) or environmental deterioration (environmental Kuznets curve) on the other side. From the analysis carried forward in the paper, some remarks are drawn on a few basic conditions for sustainable globalisation.

Keywords: globalisation, sustainable development, inequality, environment, Kuznets curve, environmental Kuznets curve

JEL Classification: F02, F18, F43, O13, O15

Suggested Citation

Borghesi, Simone and Vercelli, Alessandro, Sustainable Globalisation (December 2001). U of Siena Dept. of Economics Working Paper No. 338. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=314729 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.314729

Simone Borghesi (Contact Author)

University of Siena - Dept. Government, Law and Economics ( email )

via Mattioli, 10
I-53100 Siena
Italy

Alessandro Vercelli

University of Siena - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza S. Francesco, 7
Siena, I-53100
Italy

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