The Disintegration of South Sudan: Political Violence from 2011 to 2016
Sudan Studies Association Bulletin (Spring Issue) 35, no. 1 (2018): 15-27
18 Pages Posted: 3 Apr 2018 Last revised: 13 May 2018
Date Written: January 1, 2018
South Sudan has been characterized by instability due to violence that has exacerbated political, economic, and social issues within the country. We found that within the five years since South Sudan’s independence in 2011, the most common violent actors in political incidents were government and rebel forces, who often fought with each other. Government forces were involved in two-thirds of battles and one-third of violent events against civilians, whereas rebel forces were involved a little over half of battles. Limiting the number of violent incidents will help the economy recover and make it easier to provide external and internal aid to South Sudanese citizens suffering due to the violence and famine that have resulted from the initial conflict between President Kiir and rebel leader Machar. Addressing not only the violence, but also the underlying political, economic and social issues, will contribute to prospects of sustainable peace for South Sudan.
Keywords: Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), South Sudan, Sudan, Salva Kiir, Riek Machar, Civil War, Rebellion, Violence, Peace Studies, Conflict studies, Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)
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