Dynamic Initial Margin Estimation Based on Quantiles of Johnson Distributions
24 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2018 Last revised: 15 Nov 2022
Date Written: September 24, 2018
The estimation of dynamic initial margin (DIM) is a challenging problem. We describe an accurate new approach using Johnson-type distributions, which are fitted to conditional moments, estimated using a least-squares Monte Carlo simulation (the JLSMC algorithm). We compare JLSMC DIM estimates with those computed using an accurate nested Monte Carlo simulation as a benchmark, and with another method that assumes portfolio changes are Gaussian. The comparisons reveal that the JLSMC algorithm is accurate and efficient, producing results that are comparable with nested Monte Carlo while using an order of magnitude less computational effort. We provide illustrative examples using the Hull-White and Heston models for different derivatives and portfolios. A further advantage of our new approach is that it relies only on the readily available data that is needed for any exposure or XVA calculation.
Keywords: dynamic initial margin (DIM); margin value adjustment (MVA); quantiles; Johnson distributions; least squares Monte Carlo.
JEL Classification: G12, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation