The Role of Adaptation in Mobile Technology Innovation for the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Water Practice & Technology Vol. 13(1), 2018

Posted: 24 Mar 2018 Last revised: 30 Mar 2018

See all articles by Sharmila Murthy

Sharmila Murthy

Suffolk University Law School

Daniel Shemie

The Nature Conservancy

Francoise Bichai

Polytechnic School of Montreal

Date Written: March 5, 2018

Abstract

While the growing availability of mobile phones has commanded the attention of the development community, an estimated 844 million people continue to lack access to basic drinking water and 2.3 billion to adequate sanitation. Development has now begun of mobile applications to improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene services (mWASH). To understand the barriers to innovation, nine mWASH applications were studied using the Framework for Analyzing a Multi-level Innovation System (FAMIS), a conceptual model. Applying FAMIS to a technology aids in understanding when and why it succeeds or fails, and how key stakeholders and institutions can be targeted for intervention. The analysis highlights ways to overcome barriers to innovation and suggests that the technology is less important than the way in which it is implemented.

Keywords: ICT, Innovation Theory, Mobile Technology, mWASH, Sanitation, Water

Suggested Citation

Murthy, Sharmila and Shemi, Daniel and Bichai, Francoise, The Role of Adaptation in Mobile Technology Innovation for the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (March 5, 2018). Water Practice & Technology Vol. 13(1), 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3148126

Sharmila Murthy (Contact Author)

Suffolk University Law School ( email )

120 Tremont Street
Boston, MA 02108-4977
United States

Daniel Shemi

The Nature Conservancy ( email )

Arlington, VA 22203-1637
United States

Francoise Bichai

Polytechnic School of Montreal ( email )

P.O. Box 6079, Downtown Station
Montreal H3C 3A7, Quebec
United States

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