Challenging the Masculinity Index: The End of a Cross-Cultural Myth

International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. VII, No. 1/2018

20 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2018

See all articles by Jerome Dumetz

Jerome Dumetz

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Jan Cadil

Unicorn College

Date Written: March 1, 2018

Abstract

This article aims to review the coherence of the definition of the Masculinity Index, one of the most cited dimensions in cross-cultural management. The study challenges the claims supporting the design, the definition and ultimately the validity of the Masculinity Index that are the basis of it applications in management theory and practice.

The paper is based on the empirical analysis of the MAS index utilizing a standard quantitative approach. The authors ran cross-section regressions with control variables for the applications of the index that could be quantified: According to Hofstede, high MAS Index countries have relatively higher defence spending, a relatively lower aid spending on poor countries, less gender equality at work and have higher share of women teaching small children and a lower share of women teaching at universities.

The analysis did not validate those claims and therefore the hypothesis of the Masculinity index. The authors provide empirical proof of the lack of validity of the MAS index to compare national cultures, recommend abandoning the MAS index and instead using alternative instruments of gender equalitarianism.

Keywords: Intercultural management, Cross-cultural management, Intercultural model, Masculinity/Femininity Index, Gender Equalitarianism

JEL Classification: M14, O57, Z10

Suggested Citation

Dumetz, Jerome and Cadil, Jan, Challenging the Masculinity Index: The End of a Cross-Cultural Myth (March 1, 2018). International Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. VII, No. 1/2018 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3148675

Jerome Dumetz (Contact Author)

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics ( email )

Stremyannii per. 36
Moscow, Moscow 117997
Russia

Jan Cadil

Unicorn College ( email )

V KapslovnÄ› 2767/2
Prague, 13000
Czech Republic

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