Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy
47 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2002
Date Written: April 2002
We lay out a small open economy version of the Calvo sticky price model, and show how the equilibrium dynamics can be reduced to a tractable canonical system in domestic inflation and the output gap. We employ this framework to analyse the macroeconomic implications of three alternative monetary policy regimes for the small open economy: domestic inflation targeting, CPI targeting and an exchange rate peg. We show that a key difference among these regimes lies in the relative amount of exchange rate volatility that they entail. We also discuss a special case for which domestic inflation targeting constitutes the optimal policy, and where a simple second order approximation to the utility of the representative consumer can be derived and used to evaluate the welfare losses associated with suboptimal regimes.
Keywords: Small open economy, optimal monetary policy, sticky prices, exchange rate peg, exchange rate volatility
JEL Classification: E52, F41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation