Obstacles on the Road to Palestinian Economic Growth

46 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2018

See all articles by Roy van der Weide

Roy van der Weide

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Bob Rijkers

World Bank

Brian Blankespoor

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Alexei Sisulu Abrahams

Independent

Date Written: March 27, 2018

Abstract

This paper quantifies the impact of market access on local GDP in the West Bank, proxied by nighttime lights, using the deployment of road closure obstacles by the Israeli army between 2005 and 2012 as a quasi-natural experiment generating exogenous temporal and spatial variation in accessibility. Minimum travel times between locality pairs are computed using road network and obstacles data supplemented with information on checkpoint traversal times. These are combined with population data to construct a time-varying market access measure for each locality. Market access has a significant and substantial effect on local light emissions. This association is robust to controlling for conflict, and strengthens when market access is instrumented by the number of obstacles located in a radius between 10 and 25km away from the locality.

Keywords: Transport Services, Energy Policies & Economics, International Trade and Trade Rules, Economic Growth, Industrial Economics, Economic Theory & Research, Railways Transport

Suggested Citation

van der Weide, Roy and Rijkers, Bob and Blankespoor, Brian and Abrahams, Alexei Sisulu, Obstacles on the Road to Palestinian Economic Growth (March 27, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8385. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3151183

Roy Van der Weide (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Bob Rijkers

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Brian Blankespoor

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/decrgbrianblankespoor/

Alexei Sisulu Abrahams

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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