Чума и эпидемиологическая революция в России: 1897-1914 (Plagye and Epidemiological Revolution in Russia, 1897-1914)

Вестник Евразии. 2008. №3. С.142-164

12 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2018

See all articles by Dmitry Mikhel

Dmitry Mikhel

Russian Presidential academy of national economy and public administration; Institute of World History of Russian academy of science; Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) - Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences (ISISS); Institute of Philosphy of Russian academy of science

Date Written: March 30, 2018

Abstract

Russian Abstract: Эпидемии чумы конца XIX – начала ХХ вв. стали настоящим вызовом для западных стран, проводящих свою империалистическую политику в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе. Первые бактериологи были склонны воспринимать чуму не только как инфекционную болезнь, но и как символ отсталости и невежества народов Востока. Вспышки чумы на окраинах Российской империи заставили русских специалистов задаться вопросом о том, где проходит граница между цивилизацией и варварством в их собственной стране. Постепенное осознание того, что чума может быть «местной болезнью» для Юго-Востока Европейской России, привело к становлению новой научной дисциплины – эпидемиологии. Как показано в статье, важным поводом к эпидемиологической революции в России, развернувшейся в период 1907-1914 гг., стало разочарование русских ученых в противоэпидемической политике Российской империи.

English Abstract: During the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries epidemic plague became a reality for western nations, which brought their imperialistic politics to Asiatic-Pacific Region. The first bacteriologist were inclined to perceive plague not only as an infectious disease, but as a remaining symbol of the ignorant peoples of the East. Outbreaks of plague in the border areas of the Russian Empire found Russian specialists addressing the question about where the disease was able to pass through the borders between barbarism and the civilized nations. Gradually they understood that plague could be a “local disease” for Southeast European Russia, which caused them to form the epidemiology as a new scientific discipline. This article illustrates of how the epidemiological revolution in Russia during years 1907-1914 became a disappointment for Russian scientists in the epidemiological politics of the Russian Empire.

Note: Downloadable document is in Russian.

Suggested Citation

Mikhel, Dmitry, Чума и эпидемиологическая революция в России: 1897-1914 (Plagye and Epidemiological Revolution in Russia, 1897-1914) (March 30, 2018). Вестник Евразии. 2008. №3. С.142-164, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3153128

Dmitry Mikhel (Contact Author)

Russian Presidential academy of national economy and public administration ( email )

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Institute of World History of Russian academy of science ( email )

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