Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia

Posted: 18 Apr 2018

See all articles by Khan Taufique

Khan Taufique

BRAC University; Curtin University

Md. Mahmudul Alam

Universiti Utara Malaysia

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 1, 2018


Changes in climatic factors have different impacts on different social groups. Farmers are considered to be the most vulnerable group because of their direct and indirect dependency on climatic factors. This study aims to understand the nature of socioeconomic impacts of climatic changes on the farmers in Malaysia. A questionnaire survey was conducted on a sample of 198 paddy farmers in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area at North-West Selangor of Malaysia in 2009. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, ordinal scale, and percentile. The study reveals that climatic changes have adverse impacts on agricultural productivity, profitability, income equality, employment, farmer's health, and government subsidy policy. The study also finds considerable unequal income distribution among farmers. The study suggests that climatic changes contribute to the widening of income inequality, because poor farmers are affected more by the adverse effects of climatic changes. The paper ends up with recommending some policy guidelines to counter adverse effects of climate change on income of paddy farmers in Malaysia.

Suggested Citation

Taufique, Khan and Alam, Md. Mahmudul, Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia (April 1, 2018). Available at SSRN:

Khan Taufique

BRAC University ( email )

66 Mohakhali C/A
Dhaka 1212 Bangladesh
Dhaka, 1212

Curtin University ( email )


Md. Mahmudul Alam (Contact Author)

Universiti Utara Malaysia ( email )

Sintok, Kedah

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