Some Churches Dedicated to the Holy Wisdom and Their Sunrise Orientation
15 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2018
Date Written: April 2, 2018
Here we discuss the orientation of some churches dedicated to Hagia Sophia, the Holy Wisdom. We can see that four of them have alignment along the direction of the sunrise on solstices (one of the churches is Hagia Sophia in Constantinople). Our discussion focuses, in particular, on alignments of the churches with respect to the decumani of the town in which we find them, in the case the town had a planning of Roman origin (Constantinople, Thessaloniki and Sofia). For Hagia Sophia in Nicaea, we consider its Hellenistic grid-plan with its streets, the plateiai, corresponding to the Roman decumani.
Keywords: Archaeoastronomy, Ancient Town Planning, Orientation of Churches
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