Diachronic Perspective on State, Church and Society. Between Papal Reform and Protestantism

European Journal of Science and Theology, Forthcoming

13 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2018

See all articles by Aurelian P. Plopeanu

Aurelian P. Plopeanu

The Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, The Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi

Date Written: September 3, 2017

Abstract

The relationship between Church, state, economy and society, especially during the period between the XIth century to XVIth century, is worth analysing. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church used to rule over almost every aspect of the human communities. There was a rigid society, divided between priests and laymen, in which the former dominated the latter. In 1075, Pope Gregory VII established the Church’s independence and its separation from the secular feudal authorities. From this moment on, the state’s authorities became secular. Along with the Papal Reform, the future modern state emerged, the first one being, paradoxically, the Church. We cannot define the state in the XIth century in accordance with the modern concept. However, the Church exhibited legislative, administrative, even military attributions closely resembling a modern state. And the canon law was modelled after a rational and coherent legislative system. The idea and the existence of a secular state, born out of the emergence of the Papal Reform, were, in effect, those of a law governed state. Later, Protestantism brought about the complete vision of state and social order, with its appropriate specificity.

Keywords: Catholicism, Protestantism, Papal Reform, law, city

JEL Classification: B11, Z12

Suggested Citation

Plopeanu, Aurelian P., Diachronic Perspective on State, Church and Society. Between Papal Reform and Protestantism (September 3, 2017). European Journal of Science and Theology, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3155177

Aurelian P. Plopeanu (Contact Author)

The Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, The Institute of Interdisciplinary Research, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi ( email )

Alexandru Lapusneanu 26
Iasi, 700057
Romania

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