Tau Protein Disrupts Nucleocytoplasmic Transport in Alzheimer’s Disease
66 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2018 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Tau protein, which normally functions to stabilize microtubules, is the major constituent of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The mechanism underlying tau-associated neural damage remains unclear. We now show that tau can interact with nuclear pore complex (NPC) constituents and affect their structural and functional integrity. Pathological tau leads to dissociation of nuclear pore complex proteins, and impairs nuclear export and import in vitro, in tau overexpressing transgenic mouse models, and in human AD tissue. Moreover, a nuclear pore component, Nup98, surprisingly colocalizes with neurofibrillary tangles in neuronal soma, and both in vivo and in vitro directly interacts with tau to greatly facilitate its aggregation. These data support the hypothesis that tau directly interacts with nuclear pore complex constituents, leading to their mislocalization and to disruption of nuclear pore function, raising the possibility that nuclear pore dysfunction contributes to tau-induced neurotoxicity in Alzheimer’s disease.
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