Latin American Household Budget Surveys 1913-1970 and What They Tell Us About Economic Inequality Among Households

90 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2018

See all articles by Ian Gazeley

Ian Gazeley

University of Sussex

Rose Holmes

University of Sussex

Cecilia Lanata Briones

University of Sussex

Andrew Newell

University of Sussex - School of Social Sciences & Cultural Studies; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Kevin P Reynolds

University of Sussex

Hector Gutierrez Rufrancos

University of Sussex

Abstract

The article reports an analysis of the findings of a search for household budget surveys for Latin America for the period from the earliest surveys to the late 1960s. Over one hundred studies were located. References to these surveys are available online at University of Sussex, The Global Income Inequality Project. In Appendix 1 we offer a synopsis of the history, context and contents of all the surveys, including those that did not contain useable data. We discuss the comparability of each country's surveys in turn, offering a table for each country with indicator of size, scope and other features.Our final work is to model the progress of inequality, as reflected in Gini coefficients, 90/10 and 50/10 percentile ratios in the region. We find that the bulk of the measured rise is inequality from the 1930s to the 1960s is due to changing survey methods and objectives, in particular the expansion of the scope of the surveys from a narrow focus on urban manual worker-headed households to a later broad focus on the population. Finally, we predict the pattern of inequality over time that might have been found had the earlier surveys been unrestricted in terms of target population and randomly sampled. We find a modest increase from the early years to the 1960s in Gini inequality.

Keywords: inequality, working households, Latin America, 20th century

JEL Classification: N36, O15

Suggested Citation

Gazeley, Ian and Holmes, Rose and Lanata Briones, Cecilia and Newell, Andrew T. and Reynolds, Kevin P and Gutierrez Rufrancos, Hector, Latin American Household Budget Surveys 1913-1970 and What They Tell Us About Economic Inequality Among Households. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11430. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3158115

Ian Gazeley (Contact Author)

University of Sussex ( email )

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/history/profile985.html

Rose Holmes

University of Sussex

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

Cecilia Lanata Briones

University of Sussex

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

Andrew T. Newell

University of Sussex - School of Social Sciences & Cultural Studies ( email )

Falmer, Brightonm BN1 9QN
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1273 606755 (Phone)
+44 (0)1273 673563 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Kevin P Reynolds

University of Sussex ( email )

Hector Gutierrez Rufrancos

University of Sussex

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

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