School or Work? The Role of Weather Shocks in Madagascar

63 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2018

See all articles by Francesca Marchetta

Francesca Marchetta

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI)

David E. Sahn

Cornell University

Luca Tiberti

Université Laval

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2018

Abstract

We examine the impact of rainfall variability and cyclones on schooling and work among a cohort of teens and young adults by estimating a bivariate probit model, using a panel survey conducted in 2004 and 2011 in Madagascar − a poor island nation that is frequently affected by extreme weather events. Our results show that negative rainfall deviations and cyclones reduce the current and lagged probability of attending school and encourage young men and, to a greater extent, women to enter the work force. Less wealthy households are most likely to experience this school-to-work transition in the face of rainfall shocks. The finding is consistent with poorer households having less savings and more limited access to credit and insurance, which reduces their ability to cope with negative weather shocks.

Keywords: climate shocks, employment, schooling, Africa

JEL Classification: Q54, J43, I25

Suggested Citation

Marchetta, Francesca and Sahn, David E. and Tiberti, Luca, School or Work? The Role of Weather Shocks in Madagascar (March 2018). IZA Discussion Paper No. 11435, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3158140

Francesca Marchetta (Contact Author)

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI) ( email )

65 Boulevard Francois Mitterrand
63000 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1
France

David E. Sahn

Cornell University ( email )

B16 MVR Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States
607-255-8931 (Phone)
607-255-0178 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://courses.cit.cornell.edu/des16

Luca Tiberti

Université Laval ( email )

2214 Pavillon J-A. DeSeve
Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

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