The Role of Synthetics in Anti-Microbial Resistance Epidemics

Posted: 14 May 2018 Last revised: 28 Jul 2019

Date Written: April 8, 2017


Superbugs kill an estimated 700,000 each year. If world leaders, doctors, and patients don’t take the matter seriously and work to reverse it, that number could increase to 10 million people by the year 2050. Antibiotic-resistant infections also have the potential to wreak financial havoc on the world. The economic damage inflicted by antibiotic resistance will slash between 1% and 3.8% of global domestic product by 2050. In other words, as much, if not more than, the 2008 financial crisis. This paper gives alternative explanation for the meaning of anti-microbial resistance, the roles of synthetics on the presence of superbugs, and their relation to the presence and persistence of various diseases.

Keywords: antibiotics resistance, anti-microbial resistance, super bugs, role of synthetics, elegant solution

Suggested Citation

Panggabean, Linda Sari, The Role of Synthetics in Anti-Microbial Resistance Epidemics (April 8, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Linda Sari Panggabean (Contact Author)

Project Gemi ( email )



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