The New Transatlantic Trigonometry: “Brexit” and Europe's Treaty Relations with the United States

67 Pages Posted:  

Joris Larik

Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs, Leiden University College; The Hague Institute for Global Justice; KU Leuven - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies

Date Written: April 9, 2018

Abstract

The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union is not only a source of political and legal upheaval in Europe but will prompt a recalibration of transatlantic treaty relations. The paper argues that it is a gross oversimplification to conceive of the latter as sets of old and new bilateral relationships. Instead, “Brexit” affects many existing and interdependent triangular relationships that the U.S. maintains with the EU and its Member States, which are conditioned also by the foreign relations laws of these polities. Perhaps counterintuitively, recalibration in the “high politics” area of security and defense will be easier than in the “low politics” of trade and regulation. In elaborating on these arguments, the paper delves into three levels of difficulty: First, the empirical challenge of determining the treaties in force between the EU and U.S. and by which the UK will cease to be covered; second, the transatlantic implications of available alternative models to EU membership for the UK; and third, the way forward in ensuring continuity and bringing about future agreements and cooperation in the EU-UK-U.S. triangle, seeing that the EU itself is a moving target due to ongoing reform efforts.

Keywords: Transatlantic Relations, European Union, United States, Brexit, International Agreements, Treaty-making, Continuity

Suggested Citation

Larik, Joris, The New Transatlantic Trigonometry: “Brexit” and Europe's Treaty Relations with the United States (April 9, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=

Joris Larik (Contact Author)

Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs, Leiden University College ( email )

Postbus 9500
Leiden, 2300 RA
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://zoekenopnaam.leidenuniv.nl/profile/e9c9a367269f1ca0d48bf1f99d62eb81e392abda?q=larik

The Hague Institute for Global Justice ( email )

Sophialaan 10
2514 JR
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.thehagueinstituteforglobaljustice.org/people/%E2%80%8Bdr-joris-larik/

KU Leuven - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies ( email )

Charles Deberiotstraat 34
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://ghum.kuleuven.be/ggs/about-us/people/dr.-joris-larik

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