Funding and Credit Risk with Locally Elliptical Portfolio Processes: An Application to CCPs
42 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2018
Date Written: April 11, 2018
We consider the problem of quantifying credit and funding risks in the presence of initial margin calculated by dynamically updated risk measures, such as Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall. The analytic scaling approach proposed in Andersen et al.  is generalized from a system driven by Brownian motion to an arbitrary radially symmetric (or ‘isotropic’) Lévy process, permitting application to models possessing fat-tailed market movements during the margin period of risk (MPoR). Our mathematical results are applied to derive a closed-form representation for the credit valuation adjustment (CVA) and margin valuation adjustment (MVA) for centrally cleared portfolios in an arbitrage-free, continuous-time model driven by an isotropic Lévy process. Our results cover both the exposures arising from client clearing and from participation in the loss mutualization of clearing member defaults. The latter is a particularly vexing modeling problem due to strong limitations on observable CCP data; our model gives rise to a compact valuation expression depending only on a clearing member’s own portfolio, and certain intuitive macroscopic measures capturing the gross risk and its concentration within the CCP.
Keywords: Central Clearing, CCP, Fat Tailed Processes, Initial Margin, CVA, MVA
JEL Classification: C63, G12, G13, G23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation