Adaptive Architecture: Regulating Human Building Interaction

BILETA Conference 2018, 9-10 April 2018, Aberdeen, UK.

32 Pages Posted: 7 May 2018

See all articles by Lachlan Urquhart

Lachlan Urquhart

University of Edinburgh - School of Law; Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute

Holger Schnädelbach

University of Nottingham - School of Computer Science

Nils Jäger

Loughborough University

Date Written: April 12, 2018

Abstract

In this paper we explore regulatory, technical and interactional implications of Adaptive Architecture, a novel trend emerging in the built environment. We provide a comprehensive description of the emergence and history of the term, with reference to the current state of the art and policy foundations supporting it e.g. smart city initiatives and building regulations. As Adaptive Architecture is underpinned by the Internet of Things (IoT), we are interested in how regulatory and surveillance issues posed by the IoT manifest in buildings too. To support our analysis, we utilise a prominent concept from architecture, Stuart Brand’s Shearing Layers model, which describes the different physical layers of a building and how they relate to temporal change. To ground our analysis, we use three cases of Adaptive Architecture, namely an IoT device (Nest Smart Cam IQ); an Adaptive Architecture research prototype, (ExoBuilding); and a commercial deployment (the Edge). In bringing together Shearing Layers, Adaptive Architecture and the challenges therein, we frame our analysis under 5 key themes. These are guided by emerging information privacy and security regulations. We explore the issues Adaptive Architecture needs to face for: A – ‘Physical & information security’; B – ‘Establishing responsibility’; C – ‘occupant rights over flows, collection, use & control of personal data’; D- ‘Visibility of Emotions and Bodies’; & E – ‘Surveillance of Everyday Routine Activities’. We conclude by summarising key challenges for Adaptive Architecture, regulation and the future of human building interaction.

Note: Paper won the BILETA Taylor & Francis Prize at the conference.

Keywords: Adaptive Architecture; ubiquitous computing; internet of things; smart cities; built environment

Suggested Citation

Urquhart, Lachlan and Schnädelbach, Holger and Jäger, Nils, Adaptive Architecture: Regulating Human Building Interaction (April 12, 2018). BILETA Conference 2018, 9-10 April 2018, Aberdeen, UK. . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3161332

Lachlan Urquhart (Contact Author)

University of Edinburgh - School of Law

Old College
South Bridge
Edinburgh, EH8 9YL
United Kingdom

Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute ( email )

University of Nottingham Innovation Park
Triumph Road
Nottingham, NG7 2TU
United Kingdom

Holger Schnädelbach

University of Nottingham - School of Computer Science ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Nils Jäger

Loughborough University ( email )

Ashby Road
Nottingham NG1 4BU
Great Britain

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