Global Interactions and the ‘Twin’ Gender Gaps in Employment and Wages: Evidence from Vietnam

29 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2018

See all articles by Nicola D. Coniglio

Nicola D. Coniglio

Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro” (UNIBA) - Department of Economics and Mathematical Methods

Rezart Hoxhaj

University Roma Tre

Date Written: April 2018

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the role of firms with global ties – foreign firms and exporters – in shaping the ‘twin’ gender gaps in employment opportunities and wages in Vietnam for both skilled and unskilled workers. Our analysis shows that foreign firms contribute by boosting employment opportunities in the formal sector for unskilled female workers. Although foreign firms, and in particular exporters, pay lower average wages to unskilled workers – both male and female – we find evidence that they significantly contribute in narrowing the gender wage gap. The presence of foreign firms has, meanwhile, only limited effects on gender gaps in employment for skilled workers. Finally, we show that the negative gaps in wages are entirely due to differences in productivities between female and male workers. Not only do we reject the hypothesis of discrimination, but we find evidence of sizable wage subsidies (for unskilled female workers).

Keywords: Gender inequality; gender discrimination; FDI; Globalization; Vietnam

Suggested Citation

Coniglio, Nicola D. and Hoxhaj, Rezart, Global Interactions and the ‘Twin’ Gender Gaps in Employment and Wages: Evidence from Vietnam (April 2018). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2018/18, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3161368 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3161368

Nicola D. Coniglio (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro” (UNIBA) - Department of Economics and Mathematical Methods ( email )

Largo Abbey St. Scholastica
Bari, 70124
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.dse.uniba.it/Corsi/docenti/Coniglio/Nicola_paginaWeb.htm

Rezart Hoxhaj

University Roma Tre ( email )

Via Silvio d’Amico, 77
Rome, 00145
Italy

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