An Investigation of Stock Price Declines Following Corporate Financing Events: Further Evidence
51 Pages Posted: 2 May 2018
Date Written: April 13, 2018
Prior research documents a large downward drift in stock prices following issuances of debt and equity by U.S. firms. We conduct tests based on both stock price and trading volume to provide evidence on the reasons for this apparent market anomaly. We document evidence of earnings management through accruals prior to external financing and lower operating performance afterward that is associated with the amount of capital raised. The earnings management that precedes external financing and the amount of capital raised are associated with both the post-financing decline in stock price and trading volume around earnings announcements that follow for a period of three years. This evidence is consistent with the proposition that firms raise external capital prior to predictable declines in their operating performance and they release upward biased earnings before these events to manage investor expectations. The failure of many investors to incorporate this information into their trading decisions in a timely manner consistent with limited attention and over-confidence appears to drive stock mispricing. Our evidence does not support the conjecture that the financing anomaly is primarily a statistical artifact or that it is a manifestation of the accrual anomaly.
Keywords: financing anomaly, trading volume, earnings management, limited attention
JEL Classification: G12, G14, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation