The Prospects of E-Democracy: An Experimental Study of Collaborative E-Rulemaking

Journal of Information Technology & Politics (Forthcoming)

78 Pages Posted: 2 May 2018  

Oren Perez

Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Law

Judit Bar-Ilan

Bar-Ilan University

Tali Gazit

Independent

Noa Aharony

Bar Ilan University

Yair Amichai-Hamburger

Sammy Ofer School of Communication, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) - The Research Center of Internet Psychology (CIP)

Jenny Bronstein

Bar-Ilan University

Date Written: April 16, 2018

Abstract

The recent literature on e-democracy reflects a certain disillusionment with the capacity of e-ruling initiatives to generate processes that serve concurrently the goals of democratization and of “good governance”. The main challenge has been to create e-ruling platforms that facilitate a deliberative process that is sufficiently inclusive and also makes a significant contribution to the policy debate. The present article contributes to this debate through the analysis of a wiki-styled system that combined a forum and a collaborative writing tool. This system enhances the opportunities of citizens to influence the policy debate beyond conventional ‘notice-and-comment’ platforms. The experiment sought to test the capacity of this platform to facilitate an epistemically complex dialogue in a setting that closely resembles real regulatory consultation. We also examined the dynamics of the deliberative process, focusing on the influence of differences in social value orientation on participation levels (distinguishing between active participants and lurkers). The analysis is based on a field experiment held at Bar-Ilan University in December 2014. The topic of the experiment was a debate over the Bar-Ilan University Code Concerning Political Activity on Campus. The Code establishes procedures and rules for conducting public and political activities on campus.

Keywords: Collaborative E- Rulemaking, Wiki-Governance, Lurkers, Social Value Orientation

JEL Classification: K10, K30

Suggested Citation

Perez, Oren and Bar-Ilan, Judit and Tali Gazit and Aharony, Noa and Amichai-Hamburger, Yair and Jenny Bronstein, The Prospects of E-Democracy: An Experimental Study of Collaborative E-Rulemaking (April 16, 2018). Journal of Information Technology & Politics (Forthcoming). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3162587 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3162587

Oren Perez (Contact Author)

Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Faculty of Law
Ramat Gan, 52900
Israel
+972-3-5317798 (Phone)
+972-3-5351856 (Fax)

Judit Bar-Ilan

Bar-Ilan University ( email )

Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan, 52900
Israel

Tali Gazit

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Noa Aharony

Bar Ilan University ( email )

Ramat Gan
5290002
Israel

Yair Amichai-Hamburger

Sammy Ofer School of Communication, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) - The Research Center of Internet Psychology (CIP) ( email )

P.O.Box 167
Herzliya, 4610101
Israel

Jenny Bronstein

Bar-Ilan University ( email )

Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan, 52900
Israel

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