Public Receptivity in China Towards Wind Energy Generators: A Survey Experimental Approach
25 Pages Posted: 2 May 2018 Last revised: 11 Oct 2018
Date Written: April 14, 2018
China leads the world’s wind energy market, but little has been written about public receptivity towards wind energy generators in China. To fill this gap, we pursue a survey experimental approach to examine explanations based on evidence from OECD countries as well as the importance of public knowledge in augmenting public acceptance of wind energy generators in China. We find that Chinese respondents are sensitive to siting near their residences, to cost considerations when imposed on them directly, to wildlife externalities, and to noise from turbines. Interestingly, Chinese respondents seem to be concerned about radiation, a finding unprecedented in the literature, and are less assured by scientific assurances that radiation is not a problem. Instead, the Chinese government is best suited to address concerns about this topic. Targeted information provision to the public can improve public knowledge about aspects of wind energy of concern. Hence, China can possibly pursue a transition to wind energy more quickly not just because it has an authoritarian government determined to get things done, but also because it can provide relevant information to reduce potential public resistance.
Keywords: wind energy, public receptivity, wind turbine, energy transition, China
JEL Classification: Q28, Q29, Q48, Q39
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