Revitalization of Historical Public Gardens Through Soundscape: The Case Study of Mansoura Zoological Garden
12 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2018 Last revised: 14 Sep 2018
Date Written: November 24, 2017
The auditory perception of urban spaces has the same effect of the visual perception as it enhances the people's subjective impression of space but unfortunately, most of the designers neglect the auditory perception of urban spaces. In this paper, we will study Mansoura zoological historical garden; the second old zoological garden in Egypt after the famous Giza zoological garden. Although the park has a great historical value, it has been abandoned by the public owing to neglect, lack of maintenance and lack of attractive elements which the park suffers from. In this research, we aim at using soundscape as a tool to restore and revive Mansoura zoological historical garden by gathering data through field observations, questionnaire surveys and acoustic measurement, then determine the focal points to analysis and develop according to the main principles of soundscape; the biophony "animals' sound", the geophony "wind and rain sound" and the anthrophony "the human sound". The changes which will be made in the design are; landscape elements will be altered and new sound sources will be added. All these factors will be studied and analyzed in relation to the soundscape. At the end of this paper, we could reach a development proposal and its theoretical analysis.
Keywords: Soundscape, Historical Gardens, landscape, planning, development
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