Elaborating on the Theory of Fraud. New Theoretical Extensions

17 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2018 Last revised: 8 Mar 2019

See all articles by Georgios Vousinas

Georgios Vousinas

National Technical University of Athens

Date Written: April 16, 2018


This paper aims to elaborate on the theory of fraud by enhancing the existing theories behind the factors that force people to commit fraud. The paper reviews the most commonly used and widely accepted models for explaining why people commit fraud - the Fraud Triangle, the Fraud Diamond, the Fraud Scale and the MICE model. The author argues that these models need to be updated to adapt to the current developments in the field and the ever growing fraud incidents, both in frequency and severity, and builds on the theoretical background to create a new model so as to enhance the understanding behind the major factors which lead to the commitment of fraud. The author identifies a major element - Ego - which plays a crucial role in compelling people to commit fraud and concludes in the formation of the S.C.O.R.E. model, which is graphically depicted in the Fraud Pentagon. He goes further by adding the factor collusion in order to better apply in cases of white-collar crimes. The overall contribution of this paper is the development of the S.C.O.R.E. model in order to contribute to the development of fraud theory by identifying the key factors that play a major role in whether fraud will actually occur and acting as a theoretical benchmark for all future reference.

Keywords: Fraud, Stimulus, Capability, Opportunity, Rationalization, Ego, Collusion, S.C.O.R.E. Model

Suggested Citation

Vousinas, Georgios, Elaborating on the Theory of Fraud. New Theoretical Extensions (April 16, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3163337 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3163337

Georgios Vousinas (Contact Author)

National Technical University of Athens ( email )

Heroon Polytechniou 9
Athens, 15780

HOME PAGE: http://www.mech.ntua.gr

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