A Penny Saved Is Two Pennies Earned
2 Pages Posted: 3 May 2018 Last revised: 10 Jul 2019
Date Written: April 16, 2018
Benjamin Franklin's original maxim found in Poor Richard's Almanac was actually "A penny saved is two pence clear" rather than the more commonly known "A penny saved is a penny earned." We believe he was getting at the notion that one risk-free penny is worth two pennies of expected but uncertain income, a result born out by modern mathematical advances in the theory of financial decision-making under uncertainty.
Keywords: Decision Making under Uncertainty, Risk, Utility, Risk Aversion, Coin Flip, Heuristics, Rules of Thumb, Market Timing, Gambling, Betting, Manager Selection, Sharpe Ratio, Mutual Funds, Data Mining, Fees
JEL Classification: B12, B16, B20, C00, C10, C11, C50, C57, C73, D03, D81, D83, E00, G00, G02, G11, G12, G14, G17, G23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation