Architectural Design Criteria for Inclusive Education Schools

14 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2018

See all articles by Ahmed S. Abouelsaad

Ahmed S. Abouelsaad

American University in Cairo (AUC); Cairo University

Z. Shafik

Cairo University - Department of Architecture

Date Written: November 24, 2017


Despite our revolutionary modern world, children with “different/special” needs still do not have equal chances to gain basic life skills as their “normal” peers, even fundamental needs, like education. To reduce this discrimination; attending “Inclusive Schools” was considered a basic human right. Inclusion is an excellent way towards balanced, equal, non-discriminatory, and healthy communities. Inclusive schools must fulfil several requirements; in the curricula and the school architectural design, to support the learning process of both “normal” pupils and pupils with “different/special” needs. These schools’ designs should consider differences between pupils, their needs and variant abilities. Based on theoretical reviews and in-depth analysis for building codes and regulations in the field of inclusive schools; the objective of this research is providing a toolkit to be used by architects who are interested in designing inclusive schools; by discussing design requirements, overlaps and conflicts between different needs, and the common requirements that could be achieved to include the largest number of pupils with different/special needs; as the building could have specific capacity and/or resources to adhere by. Subsequently, highlighting the different/special needs which preferably could be included together, and other needs which could be separated and suitable for other spaces in the school.

Keywords: Inclusive Education Schools, Architecture, Sustainable Communities, Social Justice, Different/Special Needs Inclusion, Quality of Education and Schools

Suggested Citation

Abouelsaad, Ahmed S. and Shafik, Zeinab Y., Architectural Design Criteria for Inclusive Education Schools (November 24, 2017). 1st International Conference on Towards a Better Quality of Life, 2017, Available at SSRN: or

Ahmed S. Abouelsaad (Contact Author)

American University in Cairo (AUC) ( email )

AUC Avenue - P.O. Box 74

Cairo University ( email )

Giza, 12613

Zeinab Y. Shafik

Cairo University - Department of Architecture ( email )


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