On Autonomy

NUS Law Working Paper No. 2018/012

NUS - Centre for Maritime Law Working Paper 18/03

31 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2018

Date Written: April 19, 2018


This paper examines the import and nature of the autonomy principle as applied to documentary letters of credit and other payment instruments. It argues that, while autonomy appears to have developed a degree of normativity, it is not a mandatory principle, but rather one that is subject in some degree to party autonomy. It follows that parties are free to choose whether they wish the doctrine of autonomy or only certain aspects to govern their dealings, but this is likely to have an impact upon the nature of the resulting instrument. This discussion regarding the nature of the autonomy principle raises the question of whether performance bonds should in principle continue to be treated as autonomous instruments, whether (as suggested academically) they should be placed on a lower point on a supposed scale of autonomy, or whether they are more logically equated with other non-autonomous forms of security. Somewhat controversially, this paper advocates the third of these options.

Keywords: Autonomy, documentary letters of credit, performance bonds, international trade finance

Suggested Citation

Hare, Christopher, On Autonomy (April 19, 2018). NUS Law Working Paper No. 2018/012, NUS - Centre for Maritime Law Working Paper 18/03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3165832 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3165832

Christopher Hare (Contact Author)

University of Oxford ( email )

South Parks Road
Oxford, OX1 3QZ
United Kingdom

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