Western Commercial G-SIBs and the TBTF Mentality: Has the Designation Policy Been Effective to Make Global Banks Safer?

79 Pages Posted: 8 May 2018

See all articles by Rafael Salas-Pérez

Rafael Salas-Pérez

University of Birmingham - Birmingham Business School; Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar

Date Written: March 23, 2018


In November 2011, the Financial Stability Board published the first list of systemically important financial institutions. The list was intended to counteract the Too-big-to-fail problem that compelled governments to pour taxpayers’ money on the banking system amid the last financial crisis. After six years of this regulatory framework, the list of global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) remains almost intact and scholars have started to question its effectiveness. It is intriguing to explore whether G-SIBs have gotten safer since 2011 or whether investors are cooperating by enforcing market discipline to curb banks’ risk-taking. Accordingly, the present study used financial indicators and bankruptcy scores to analyse banks’ health. It also applied the event-study methodology to detect how market discipline could have been affected by the request for the bailout of Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena. To do so, a sample consisting of 14 publicly traded G-SIBs headquartered in Western countries and primarily focused on commercial banking was selected. The results of financial indicators and bankruptcy scores show little evidence to believe that banks have gotten significantly safer in the post-crisis period. The application of the event-study methodology insinuates that market discipline might have been eroded by the bailout of BMPS. After running OLS regressions to estimate the parameters of the normal-returns market model, evidence of abnormal returns for all G-SIBs was detected following the bailout request.

Keywords: Systemic risk, Too-big-to-fail, event study, regulatory reforms, global systemically important banks, abnormal returns, financial distress

JEL Classification: G01; G14; G21; G28; G32; G33

Suggested Citation

Salas-Pérez, Rafael, Western Commercial G-SIBs and the TBTF Mentality: Has the Designation Policy Been Effective to Make Global Banks Safer? (March 23, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3166961 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3166961

Rafael Salas-Pérez (Contact Author)

University of Birmingham - Birmingham Business School ( email )

Edgbaston Park Road
Birmingham, B15 2TY
United Kingdom
+57 3003023331 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.linkedin.com/in/rysalas-pro

Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar ( email )

Manga Calle del Bouquet
Campus de Ternera, Parque Industrial y Tecnológico
Cartagena, Bolívar
+57 3003023331 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.linkedin.com/in/rysalas-pro

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